«Fiber Optic Communication Lines» department studies the principles of construction of main and local communication networks, constructions, electrical parameters and characteristics of the cable communication lines, as well as the technology, parameters and processes in fiber-optic communication lines. The theory of electromagnetic energy propagation through the directional systems – coaxial, symmetrical and fiber-optic cables, as well as the theory of mutual influences between the communication circuits and its protective measures are considered. The theory and practice of communication structures protection from the effects of atmospheric electricity, radionetworks, high-voltage lines and electrified railways is regarded. Separate disciplines are devoted to the study of processes of manufacturing and production of optical fibers, optical cables, different optical communication networks components, to the design, construction and technical operation of cable fiber-optic communication lines.
The main direction of the department work is the study of modern fiber-optic communication lines. The light in the glass medium can carry a larger amount of information over long distances, than electrical signals in copper wires. In addition, the process of transmission through the optical fiber is also not subject to electrostatic or electromagnetic influences and thus they are protected from interference.
It should be remembered that the optical fiber – it is not only a medium for the transmission of optical signals in communication networks. It is widely used in various fields, such as:
• automotive industry;
• health protection;
• image reproduction;
• machinery lighting;
• night lighting;
• traffic management;
• data transfer;
We have seen a growing need in transfer of large amounts of information over long distances. The technologies intensively used for the transmission of information over the last 20 years, such as coaxial cables and satellite microwave communications, very quickly reached their limits. The needs in transfer volumes was far superior to the capabilities of the existing systems. Therefore, today the fiber-optic communication technologies are the most perspective because of its ability to ensure modern needs.
The optical fiber – is a simple thin glass thread, which acts as a fiber optic channel. To display the digital information that passes through a glass fiber light can be switched on and off, and for displaying the image of analog information – change its amplitude, frequency or phase.
Fiber-optic transmission has become one of the most exciting and rapidly improving area of telecommunications engineering. For most of us who have never experienced with this technology, it may turn to be something like a black magic. However, in reality it is a relatively simple technology. Compared to cable, microwave systems of communication and radio communication, optical fiber communication systems are much easier to study and design.
After graduation at the Department of FOCL, you will have:
• strong knowledge in the field of fiber-optic communication systems;
• understanding of the current situation in the fiber-optic technologies and practical deployment of communication networks;
• sufficient knowledge for connecting and testing of fiber-optic guiding systems;
• knowledge of the necessary procedures of installation and assembling of the cable ends;
• knowledge for installation of your personal fully operational fiber-optic system;
• intuitive understanding of new approaches in solving problems with fiber optics.